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Five Big Ideas of Early Reading Instruction


What it is

How it’s taught
Phonemic Awareness

The ability to notice, think about, and work with the individual sounds in spoken words

  • Focus on sound
  • Identify & blend:
    • Onsets (initial consonant or consonant clusters)
    • Rimes (vowel and consonants that follow the onset)
  • Segment, blend and manipulate sounds
Phonics

Phonics and word study (decoding strategies) involve the systematic instruction of letter-sound relations to read and spell words accurately and quickly.

  • Practice knowledge of letter-sound correspondences
  • Decode and read words
  • Manipulate, categorize, and examine the similarities and differences in words
Vocabulary

How children acquire an understanding of new words and concepts

  • Provide key experiences
  • Promote wide reading
  • Lead discussions through questioning
Fluency

Reading quickly, accurately, and with expression

  • Practice reading words automatically (accurately and quickly with little attention or effort)
  • Increase speed (or rate) of reading while maintaining accuracy
  • Practice reading with expression
Comprehension

The process that enables readers to make meaning of text, and to communicate meaning about what was read

  • Read text aloud
  • Communicate to others about what they read
  • Promote thinking and extended discourse through questioning and discussions

RESOURCES...2nd grade teacher, Meghan Harris' wiki